The artistic techniques employed in Illustration are very diverse and have been a trend for some time now among freelance illustrators. Illustrators such as Paula Bonet, Naranjalidad or Ana Santos and illustrators such as Gabriel Moreno, use art techniques of always to create works of great beauty and artistic richness.
I have always been a great advocate of hand-made illustrations, because for me they have a special charm with respect to digital illustration. Not for that reason I am detracting from the great work that digital illustrators do, but it is true that, for me, the handmade illustration has a soul, or whatever you want to call it.
With this post I want to get you close to some of the materials most used today for hand-made illustrations that I like the most and which I usually use in my illustrations.
It is the most common means to draw or to make sketches. It can have different degrees of hardness and the intensity of the stroke depends on it:
The letter H indicates that the pencil is hard.
The letter B that is soft.
The higher the number that accompanies the letter, the harder or softer the pencil will be.
The HB pencil is a pencil of medium to hard hardness.
The pencil F is a pencil of medium to hard hardness.
They allow to make drawings with a great amount of tonalities of color and offer the possibility of making gradations or textures based on cross line frames. They can also be used as a complement to other artistic techniques and as with graphite pencils, there are different degrees of hardness and some offer the possibility of dilution by applying a little water.
Watercolor is distinguished from other aqueous media by being a transparent paint in which color is worked by layers. The colors are very bright and the whites will give them the white of the paper. It is necessary to use papers of rough texture and high grammage so that they absorb part of the water. In addition, the technique can be used as a basis for different procedures such as stenciling and playing with different shapes and textures.
Collage is an artistic technique that is based on pasting drawings, photographs, papers or different objects (wood, leather, newspapers, magazines, everyday objects, etc.) on different supports such as cardboard, canvas or wood. The term comes from the French and means stuck, glued. I usually use this technique in some of my illustrations giving surprising results. If you want to see some of these handmade illustrations with the collage technique, you can click here.